## Noncommutative probability I: motivations and examples

In many areas of mathematics, one can usually assign a commutative algebraic structure to the “space” that one is studying. For example, instead of studying an (affine) algebraic variety, one can study algebraic functions on that variety, which gives rise … Continue reading

## Zeros of random polynomials

Given a polynomial , where the coefficients are random, what can we say about the distribution of the roots (on )? Of course, it would depend on what “random” means. Here, “random” means that the sequence is an i.i.d. sequence … Continue reading

## A brief introduction to Gamma-convergence

1. A motivating example Consider the -Laplace equation in , where is a nonempty bounded open subset of , and on . The energy functional associated with the PDE is . For , because of convexity, has a unique minimizer … Continue reading

## Weak L^1 is not locally convex

Let be the Lebesgue measure on . Consider , the space of Lebesgue measurable functions for which there exists some constant such that for every , . The purpose of this post is to show that this is not a … Continue reading

## A dynamical proof of Fermat’s little theorem

If you have studied number theory (even just a little bit), you should know the Fermat’s little theorem: for any positive , and for any prime number , we have . Here I will give a proof by using a … Continue reading

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## Poincaré recurrence theorem and its friends

The Poincaré recurrence theorem states that a dynamical system (under suitable conditions) will eventually return to a condition that is very close to the original condition. Slightly more formally, for a compact set in , if is a volume preserving … Continue reading