Category Archives: Inequalities

An inequality for functions on the plane

I accidentally came across a curious inequality for functions of two variables. I would like to know if this inequality is a special case of a more general result but I was unable to find a reference. It would also … Continue reading

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Weighted isoperimetric inequalities in warped product manifolds

1. Introduction The classical isoperimetric inequality on the plane states that for a simple closed curve on , we have , where is the length of the curve and is the area of the region enclosed by it. The equality … Continue reading

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Faber-Krahn inequality

I record a proof of the Faber-Krahn inequality here, mainly for my own benefit. Let be one of the standard space forms: the Euclidean space , the unit sphere , or the hyperbolic space . Suppose is a bounded domain … Continue reading

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Why is a² + b² ≥ 2ab ?

This post can be regarded as a sequel to my previous (and very ancient) post on 1+2+3+…. Though these two posts are not quite logically related, they share the same spirit (I’m asking a dumb question again). How can one … Continue reading

Posted in Calculus, Discrete Mathematics, Geometry, Inequalities, Linear Algebra, Probability | 1 Comment

The Cauchy-Schwarz inequality and the Lagrange identity

The classical Lagrange identity is the following: This can be proven by expanding and separating the terms into the cross-terms part and the non cross-terms part. The Lagrange identity implies the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality in . And when , this can … Continue reading

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Weighted Hsiung-Minkowski formulas and rigidity of umbilic hypersurfaces

1. Motivation and Main Results A. D. Alexandrov [Ale1956], [Ale1962] proved that the only closed hypersurfaces of constant (higher order) mean curvature embedded in are round hyperspheres. The embeddedness assumption is essential. For instance, admits immersed tori with constant mean … Continue reading

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A functional inequality on the boundary of static manifolds

1. introduction and statement of results The research in this article is largely motivated by the following result concerning a functional inequality on the boundary of bounded domains in the Euclidean space , proved in [MTX] Corollary 3.1. Theorem 1 … Continue reading

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