# Category Archives: Analysis

Real and complex analysis, functional analysis, PDE.

## Noncommutative probability I: motivations and examples

In many areas of mathematics, one can usually assign a commutative algebraic structure to the “space” that one is studying. For example, instead of studying an (affine) algebraic variety, one can study algebraic functions on that variety, which gives rise … Continue reading

## A simple proof of the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for geodesic ball

In this short note, we will give a simple proof of the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for a geodesic ball on a surface. The only prerequisite is the first variation formula and some knowledge of Jacobi field (second variation formula), in particular … Continue reading

## Zeros of random polynomials

Given a polynomial , where the coefficients are random, what can we say about the distribution of the roots (on )? Of course, it would depend on what “random” means. Here, “random” means that the sequence is an i.i.d. sequence … Continue reading

## Euler’s formula e^ix = cos x + i sin x: a geometric approach

Today I mentioned the famous Euler’s formula briefly in my calculus class (when discussing hyperbolic functions, lecture notes here): where is a solution to (usually denoted by “”, but indeed there is no single-valued square root for complex numbers, or … Continue reading

## An inequality for functions on the plane

I accidentally came across a curious inequality for functions of two variables. I would like to know if this inequality is a special case of a more general result but I was unable to find a reference. It would also … Continue reading